On 2 April 1982, Argentinian forces invaded the British overseas territory of the Falklands Islands.
Argentina had claimed sovereignty over the islands for many years and their ruling military junta did not believe that Britain would attempt to regain the islands by force.
Despite the huge distance involved – the Falklands were 8,000 miles away in the South Atlantic – Britain, under the leadership of Margaret Thatcher, undertook the extraordinary feat of assembling and sending a task force of warships and rapidly refitted merchant ships to the Falklands.
The Falkland Islands are a small group of islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, around 300 miles east of Argentina. They were first discovered by an English navigator in 1592 and named after Lord Falkland who was one of the British Lords Proprietors involved with colonizing North America. In 1765, French captain Louis Antoine de Bougainville visited and named them “Les Iles Malouines” (the islands of St. Malo) after his home port in France; they later became known as “Falkland’s Islands”. Since 1833, they have been a colony within the British Empire but remained unpopulated until 1841 when sheep farming began on East Falkland which is where most people live today.
You can read all about it here! This book will give you all the information you need to understand what happened during this war so that you can learn from history instead of repeating it! It also includes some great pictures that help bring everything together into a cohesive story. If you’re interested in learning more about this fascinating topic then click below right now!
The destroyer HMS Sheffield was struck by an AM39 Exocet missile fired from an Argentine aircraft six miles away. HMS Sheffield was the first British warship to be lost in action since the Second World War. Twenty members of the crew were killed.
The task force reached the Falklands in early May. On 2 May, the Royal Navy submarine HMS Conqueror sank the Argentinian cruiser General Belgrano, with the loss of over 300 of her crew. After this incident, Argentinian ships remained in port.
However, the Argentinian airforce still posed a significant threat. The Royal Navy lost several warships to attacks from Argentinian aircraft, which were armed with missiles. Its Fleet Auxiliary ships were attacked at Fitzroy and the supply ship Atlantic Conveyor was also sunk.
British forces landed on the islands on 21 May. After a series of engagements against a well dug-in but ill-trained conscripted Argentinian Army, they began the battle for Stanley, the islands’ capital on 11 June.
The war was a turning point in the history of both countries. It gave rise to strong anti-war sentiment in Britain, as well as in Argentina where it was not widely supported by the public. In Britain, Margaret Thatcher’s government received much criticism for its handling of the crisis and its aftermath. The outcome has been described by many commentators as a “diplomatic victory” for Argentina because of the islanders’ withdrawal from British rule. However, Argentinian President Galtieri’s political standing at home was badly damaged and he had to resign three months later after another military uprising which further destabilized his country’s economy.
The Falklands war was a ten week long conflict between Argentina and Britain over two small groups of islands that are located off the coast of South America. It began on April 2nd, 1982 when Argentinian troops invaded the British-controlled Falkland Islands. This invasion led to a ten week long war which ended with an Argentinian surrender on June 14th, 1982. However, this short period of time saw many casualties as well as some very intense fighting between both sides.
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The Argentinian forces surrendered on 14 June.